As more and more people settled in the west, travelers set out to join their families. Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty Images. Why did people decide to go on the Oregon Trail: Hold a class discussion on why they think some Americans decided to move to the west. Faced with the hardships of the trail, some people gave up and went back home. Answer Save. Thereafter, migration on the Oregon Trail was an annual event, although the practice of traveling in giant convoys of wagons gave way to many smaller bands of … The original game was designed to teach school children about the realities of 19th century pioneer life on the Oregon Trail. Where did people on the Oregon Trail want to arrive? because the letters and rumors of Oregon Territory's rich and natural beauty. They made dolls from corn cobs and rags and used a bladder balloon for ball games. The Louisiana Territory Purchased by the United States Government was one of the important events that are linked to the Oregon Trail. The Oregon Trail, which stretched for about 2,000 miles (3,200 km), flourished as the main means for hundreds of thousands of emigrants to reach the Northwest from the early 1840s through the 1860s. Officially, according to an act of Congress, it begins in Independence, Missouri, and ends in Oregon City, Oregon. These letters often told about a good life on the frontier. The Oregon trail helped many settlers cross to the west to make a better life. So who were these crazy people, and why did they place their lives and fortunes in jeopardy to reach a land none of them had ever seen? The first migrants who used the trail reached Oregon in 1836, and by 1869 over 400,000 people had made the journey. In 1978, the U.S. Congress officially named the trail the Oregon National Historic Trail. In popular culture, the Oregon Trail is perhaps the most iconic subject in the larger history of Oregon. Of the estimated 350,000 who started the journey, the trail claimed as many as 30,000 victims or an average of 10-15 deaths per mile. Moving to Oregon was a great way to get out of paying the government what they owed. Sue Alperin, a founder of Oregon Uniting, created the supplement in part to help kids of color feel included in Oregon’s story. CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. They also sang and danced. It changed with the effects of weather and use. Despite the romantic depictions of the covered wagon in movies and on television, it would not have been very comfortable to travel in or sleep in the wagon. By 1843, when the first large wagon train was organized, a route existed across the continent from Independence, Missouri to the Pacific Ocean. About 200,000- 400,000 people crossed this trail by wagon. Relevance. Missionaries were a common sight. Fun Facts. Your email address will not be published. Lv 6. Over the next three decades, 300,000 people would cross the vast plains, travel over the Rocky Mountains and the Continental Divide, and struggle through Oregon's diverse terrain to reach Oregon City at the End of the Oregon Trail. Tell the students the main reasons why some Americans left for the west:-Free land was available.-Freedom from slavery attracted many people.-Good land for farming meant more and better crops. Some went hoping to find better health or better living conditions. As a result, many Americans believed that through divine authority, … Of the estimated 350,000 who started the journey, the trail claimed as many as 30,000 victims or an average of 10-15 deaths per mile. They had races and played games such as Sheep Over the River, Hide and Seek, Pull the Rope, and Steal-Stick Duck-Stones. One historian noted that on a single day in June 1850 more than 6,000 people were on the trail. Your email address will not be published. Trappers first traveled the Oregon Trail. Favorite Answer. Why did people go on the oregon trail? The route started on the banks of the Missouri River, originally at Independence, then Westport, then Weston across from Fort Leavenworth. The Oregon Trail’s legacy is still felt in the state of Oregon with several literary pieces being written about it. The route started on the banks of the Missouri River, originally at Independence, then Westport, then Weston across from Fort Leavenworth. Traffic soon skyrocketed, and by the late-1840s and early 1850s, upwards of 50,000 people were using the trail each year. The Oregon Trail was an actual path. Crossing rivers were probably the most dangerous thing pioneers did. Pioneer settlers were sometimes pulled west because they wanted to make a better living. To say daily life on the Oregon Trail was difficult is a vast understatement. Emigrants moved in part due to the widespread economic depression of the 1830s and '40s, while others were fleeing the political turmoil of the Civil War. Considering the number of deaths on the trail, an even spacing would create a grave every 50 yards, stretching from the Missouri River to Oregon City. Others went for adventure and to seek new experiences. Early trailblazers. Why? Americans' interest in Oregon and California country grew with each passing year, as the emigrants sent letters back home describing the region to their friends and family. NOAA Hurricane Forecast Maps Are Often Misinterpreted — Here's How to Read Them. The people on the Oregon Trail wanted to go the Oregon territory, or what is now Washington and Oregon. Amidst an overwhelming chorus of naysayers who doubted their success, the so … From start to finish, it took between five and six months, and it's hard to imagine today. Some pioneers did sleep in their wagons. The Oregon Trail was never a clearly defined route. Everyone Has CholeraThe worst outbreaks occurred on the Oregon Trail in 1849, 1850 and 1852. Factors such as the violent and unpredictable prairie storms could cause … 6:00 pm: Families unpack and make supper. Many people went to the Oregon Territory to get free farm land. The Causes for the Oregon Trail. The main causes of deaths along the Oregon/California Trail from 1841 to 1869 were disease, accidents, and weather. An easier trail was needed. because the letters and rumors of Oregon Territory's rich and natural beauty. Less famous but equally exciting at the time were other reports of gold being found in Oregon, Idaho, Colorado and other western states. 3. The first route followed the Santa Fe Trail into Kansas Territory. Where did the Oregon Trail begin and end? why did they go ? The longest, steepest climb on the Oregon Trail, the hill had an even more dangerous descent. Here’s one thing you can say about the lasting legacy of the Oregon Trail, a fact that has lodged the 2,170-mile migration in the minds of generations: The struggle was real.. Well, that depends on how you look at it. The Oregon Trail was the only land route for settlers seeking to move west and took approximately four to six months, in contrast to the sea route which could take up to a full year. The Oregon Trail's nominal termination point was Oregon City, ... With literally thousands of people and thousands of livestock traveling in a fairly small time slot the travelers had to spread out to find clean water, wood, good campsites, and grass. One of the main reasons for this phenomenon was that groups generally had to embark at approximately the same time each year. ... About 20,000 people died on the California Trail between 1841 and 1859 — an average of ten graves for every mile. Pioneer settlers were sometimes pulled west because they wanted to make a better living. Why did people go on the oregon trail? Learn more about your nation's history with these 10 things about what life on the Oregon Trail was like. The Oregon, Mormon Pioneer and California trails all cross Wyoming in the central and most popular corridor of the transcontinental migration of the 1840s, 1850s and 1860s. While wagon trains frequently traveled together by choice, factors such as weather and trail conditions often resulted in unintended “bunching” along the route. A COVID-19 Prophecy: Did Nostradamus Have a Prediction About This Apocalyptic Year? Various land acts in Oregon provided free land to pioneers, while the start of the California Gold Rush in 1848 lured thousands more. While settlers traveled west along the Oregon Trail for a variety of reasons, most were motivated either by land or gold. 0 0. Best Answers. First published by explorer Jedidiah Smith in 1825, it was the only practical way for migrants to make this journey. Major threats to pioneer life and limb came from accidents, exhaustion, and disease. Some went to escape problems. President Jefferson had hoped for the country to develop into a nation of independent farmers who would work for modest means by the land. The Oregon Trail was the main route that migrants used to travel from the east of the USA, to the west. Between 1841 and 1869, hundreds of thousands of people traveled westward on the trail. Hilarity! National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center | 541-523-1843 | oregontrail.blm.gov Why did people go to the Oregon Territory? Others received letters from friends or family members who had moved west. The Oregon Trail went from western Missouri across the Great Plains into the Rocky Mountains to Oregon City, Oregon. In fact, the Oregon Trail is this nation’s longest graveyard. People went on the journey westward for many reasons. Portions of what was to become the Oregon Trail were first used by trappers, fur traders, and missionaries (c. 1811–40) who traveled on foot and horseback. It had reliable rainfall, copious timber, and fertile soil. 1:00 pm: Back on the trail. The real Oregon Trail was filled with about as many accidents and illnesses, and the National Oregon/California Trail Center says more than 300,000 Americans actually did travel along it at the end of the 19th century. Learn more about your nation's history with these 10 things about what life on the Oregon Trail was like. It was the longest historic overland migration trail in North America. Between 1841 and 1869, hundreds of thousands of people traveled westward on the trail. The Oregon Trail started in Independence, Missouri and ended in Oregon City. First published by explorer Jedidiah Smith in 1825, it was the only practical way for migrants to make this journey. The first pioneer company to travel across the entirety of what was to become the Oregon Trail … Many travelers journeyed in companies, while others did not. Quick Answer. America overcame many obsticles during the 1800s despite how young the country was. For example, it could have been for religious resons like Manifest Destiny and spreading their religion. Where did the Oregon Trail really go? The answer is not simple, as there was no single route, just a destination: Oregon’s Willamette Valley. 7:00 pm: Mothers do chores, men smoke and talk, young people dance. The biggest causes of death were accidents and disease. The family owned a large farm in Illinois and a city block in downtown Danville, Illinois … The first major migration took place in 1843 when a single large wagon train of 120 wagons and 500 people made the trip. Though the Whitmans were forced to abandon their wagons 200 miles short of Oregon, they proved that families could go west by wheeled travel. Although much of the trail has been built over through the years, around 300 miles of it has been … The Oregon Trail was a major route that people took when migrating to the western part of the United States. Life, Locations & Lineage on the Oregon Trail People & Places on the Oregon Trail Pioneers wrote of their travels to Oregon, California, Utah, Montana, and other western locations in diaries, letters, remembrances, and newspaper articles. The Oregon Trail was the main route that migrants used to travel from the east of the USA, to the west. Such accidents could cause the loss of life and most or all of valuable supplies. The main causes of deaths along the Oregon/California Trail from 1841 to 1869 were disease, accidents, and weather. The Oregon Trail was a major route that people took when migrating to the western part of the United States. At Oregon City, the pioneers filed land claims and reprovisioned their supplies to start their new lives in the Pacific Northwest. These letters often told about a good life on the frontier. I don't know about all of them but my Great, Great grandfather and his wife and children came out to Oregon in 1852 because his teenage sons wanted to go … Wagons are formed into a corral. National Historic Oregon Trail Interpretive Center | 541-523-1843 | oregontrail.blm.gov Why did people go to the Oregon Territory? Where did the Oregon Trail really go? The people on the Oregon Trail wanted to go the Oregon territory, or what is now Washington and Oregon. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? Life on the Oregon Trail was both incredibly boring and extremely dangerous. As wagons headed west, this trail became more defined. 'Go West, young man, and grow up with the country,' goes the famous 1851 quote, and many young American men (and women) took the advice. Relevance. Why? Oregon Trail summary: The 2,200-mile east-west trail served as a critical transportation route for emigrants traveling from Missouri to Oregon and other points west during the mid-1800s. Great Britain also had claims in the Northwest and Mexico in the Southwest; the Bureau of Land Management hypothesizes that some settlers may have been motivated by patriotism to claim land for America. In fact, the Oregon Trail is this nation’s longest graveyard. The Donner Party departed Missouri on the Oregon Trail in the spring of 1846, behind many other pioneer families who were attempting to make the same overland trip. Why did people travel the oregon trail? One includes Beyond The Oregon Trail, an alternative curriculum created in 1999 by Oregon Uniting, a grassroots group focused on racial reconciliation. Why Did People Move West on the Oregon Trail? Which lead to leaving many people without money or in poverty. 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